社会学家认识到,我们日常生活的许多方面都是由消费构成的。事实上,波兰社会学家齐格蒙特鲍曼在“消费生活”一书中写道,西方社会不再围绕生产行为进行组织,而是围绕着消费。这种转变始于二十世纪中期的美国,此后大多数生产工作都转移到海外,我们的经济转向零售和提供服务和信息。因此,我们大多数人都在消费而不是生产商品。在任何一天,人们都可以乘坐公共汽车,火车或汽车去上班;在需要电力,天然气,石油,水,纸张以及大量消费电子产品和数字商品的办公室工作;购买茶,咖啡或苏打水;去餐厅吃午饭或晚餐;拿起干洗;在药店购买健康和卫生用品;使用购买的杂货准备晚餐,然后在晚上看电视,享受社交媒体或阅读书籍。所有这些都是消费形式。因为消费对我们的生活方式至关重要,所以它在我们与他人建立的关系中具有重要意义。我们经常围绕消费行为与其他人一起组织探访,无论是坐下来作为家庭吃家常饭,参加带约会的电影,还是在商场购物游览朋友。此外,我们经常使用消费品通过赠送礼物来表达我们对他人的感受,或者特别是在提出与昂贵的珠宝结婚的行为中。

加拿大戴尔豪西大学Essay代写:根据社会学家的消费量

Sociologists recognize that many aspects of our daily lives are structured by consumption. In fact, Polish sociologist Zygmunt Bauman wrote in the book Consuming Life that Western societies are not longer organized around the act of production, but instead, around consumption. This transition began in the United States in the mid-twentieth century, after which most production jobs were moved overseas, and our economy shifted to retail and the provision of services and information. As a consequence, most of us spend our days consuming rather than producing goods. On any given day, one might travel to work by bus, train, or car; work in an office that requires electricity, gas, oil, water, paper, and a host of consumer electronics and digital goods; purchase a tea, coffee, or soda; go out to a restaurant for lunch or dinner; pick up dry cleaning; purchase health and hygiene products at a drug store; use purchased groceries to prepare dinner, and then spend the evening watching television, enjoying social media, or reading a book. All of these are forms of consumption. Because consumption is so central to how we live our lives, it has taken on great importance in the relationships we forge with others. We often organize visits with others around the act of consuming, whether that be sitting down to eat a home cooked meal as a family, taking in a movie with a date, or meeting friends for a shopping excursion at the mall. In addition, we often use consumer goods to express our feelings for others through the practice of gift-giving, or notably, in the act of proposing marriage with an expensive piece of jewelry.

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