“黑猫”是Edgar Allan Poe最令人难忘的故事之一。这个故事围绕着一只黑猫,以及随后一名男子的恶化。这个故事经常与“讲故事的心”联系在一起,因为这两部作品分享了深刻的心理因素。这个故事最早出现在1843年8月19日的“星期六晚邮报”上。这个第一人称故事属于恐怖和哥特文学领域,并与精神错乱和酗酒主题相关联。 Poe使用了多个主题和符号,为他的故事带来了明显的恐怖和不祥的感觉,同时巧妙地推进了他的情节和建立他的角色。作为主角的叙述者,除了一只名叫冥王星的黑猫外,对他的宠物至少也不好说。对于这个宠物,叙述者通常是善良的,直到一天喝酒后的一个晚上,他带着愤怒的心情回家,并抓住了猫,它迅速咬了他。叙述者然后继续剪掉猫的一只眼睛。眼睛愈合,事情恢复正常,或至少在叙述者的家庭中尽可能正常。最后,叙述者来讨厌猫,把它挂在脖子旁边的一棵树上。此后不久,房子就烧毁了,只剩下一个内墙。在墙上,叙述者看到了一只白色的猫的形象。这只猫显然是挂着脖子上的套索。尽管如此,主角想要找到另一只看起来像第一只的猫。他在附近寻找这样一只猫,最终确实找到了他并陪伴他回家。可以预见的是,叙述者开始厌恶新猫并害怕它,它总是在脚下,几乎导致他多次绊倒。但他并不是因为害怕而试图杀死这只猫。有一天,叙述者的妻子要求他陪她去酒窖。猫跑进地窖,几乎绊倒了楼梯上的叙述者。叙述者拿起一把斧头,然后移动以切断猫的头部。叙述者的妻子抓住斧柄来阻止他,所以叙述者转动并将斧头放在她的头上,立刻杀死了妻子。叙述者决定通过在地窖内的假前方内用砖砌墙来隐藏身体。警察最终来到房子里搜索,但发现什么都没有,即使在地窖里。当叙述者阻止它们时,当局开始离开,爬上地窖楼梯,告诉他们房子的建造情况。他轻拍前方,一个人开始嚎叫。当局爬下楼梯,拆掉假的前线。他们找到了妻子的尸体,并在其上面找到了叙述者试图杀死的那只猫。叙述者在故事的最后一句中发表了恐惧:“我把坟墓里的怪物围起来了!”符号是爱伦坡黑暗故事的重要组成部分,特别是以下几个。黑猫:动物不仅仅是故事的标题;它也是一个重要的象征。就像传说中的坏兆头一样,黑猫冥王星带领他的主人(叙述者)沿着疯狂和失去理智的道路走下去。酒精:虽然猫是叙述者讨厌的一切的外在化身,但他的饮酒问题(酗酒)可能 – 或可能不是 – 失去对现实的控制。房子和家庭:家庭甜蜜的家应该是一个安全和安全的地方,但它在这个故事中成为一个黑暗和悲惨的疯狂和谋杀的地方。叙述者杀死了他最喜欢的宠物(黑猫),然后杀死了自己的妻子。因此,即使是应该成为他健康和幸福家庭中心焦点的关系,也会成为他不断恶化的精神状态的替罪羊。细胞:当故事开始时,叙述者就在监狱里,但是在他因为对动物和人类的杀人罪行被发现之前,他的思想已经陷入了大量混乱和不真实的境地。妻子:他的妻子可能是他生命中的基础力量。叙述者形容她具有“那种感性的人性”。她本可以救他,或至少逃脱自己的生命。相反,她成为失去纯真的另一个可怕的例子。她永远不会离开他(她是忠诚的,忠诚的,善良的),她最终会死,不是因为自然原因,而是因为酒精引起的凶残,愤怒。

加拿大麦吉尔大学文学Assignment代写:’黑猫’学习指南

“The Black Cat” is one of Edgar Allan Poe’s most memorable stories. The tale centers around a black cat and the subsequent deterioration of a man. The story is often linked with “The Tell-Tale Heart” because of the profound psychological elements these two works share. The story first appeared in the Saturday Evening Post on Aug. 19, 1843. This first-person narrative falls into the realm of horror and gothic literature and has been examined in association with themes of insanity and alcoholism. Poe employed multiple themes and symbols to impart a palpable sense of horror and foreboding to his tale, while deftly advancing his plot and building his characters. The narrator, who is the main character, is not nice—to say the least—to his pets, except for one black cat named Pluto. To this pet, the narrator is generally kind, until one night after a day of drinking, he comes home in an angry mood and seizes the cat, which promptly bites him. The narrator then proceeds to cut out one of the cat’s eyes. The eye heals and things go back to normal, or at least as normal as possible in the narrator’s household. Eventually, the narrator comes to detest the cat and hangs it by the neck to a tree next to the house. The house burns down shortly thereafter, with only a single internal wall left standing. On the wall, the narrator sees the image of a cat, in white. The cat is clearly hanging with a noose around its neck. Still, the main character wants to find another cat that looks like the first. He searches the neighborhood for such a cat, which eventually does find him and accompanies him home. Predictably, the narrator begins to detest the new cat and to fear it, which is always underfoot and almost causes him to trip several times. But he does not try to kill the cat because of his fear. One day the narrator’s wife asks him to accompany her to the cellar. The cat runs into the cellar and almost trips the narrator on the stairs. The narrator picks up an ax and moves to cut the cat’s head off. The narrator’s wife grabs the ax handle to stop him, so the narrator pivots and brings the ax down on her head, killing the wife instantly. The narrator decides to hide the body by walling it in with bricks inside a false front in the cellar. The police eventually come by to search the house but find nothing, even in the cellar. The authorities begin to leave, ascending the cellar stairs when the narrator stops them, telling them how well the house is built. He taps on the false front, and a being begins to howl. The authorities scramble down the stairs and tear down the false front. They find the wife’s corpse, and on top of it, the very cat the narrator had tried to kill. The narrator remarks with dread in the last sentence of the story: “I had walled the monster up within the tomb!” Symbols are a key component of Poe’s dark tale, particularly the following ones. The black cat: The animal is more than just the title of the story; it’s also an important symbol. Like the bad omen of legend, Pluto, the black cat, leads his owner (the narrator) down the path toward insanity and loss of reason. Alcohol: While the cat is the outward personification of everything that the narrator hates, his drinking problem (alcoholism) may—or may not—be a reason for the loss of his grip on reality. House and home: Home sweet home is supposed to be a place of safety and security, but it becomes a dark and tragic place of madness and murder in this story. The narrator kills his favorite pet (the black cat), and then he kills his own wife. So, even the relationships that should have been the central focus of his healthy and happy home become scapegoats to his deteriorating mental state. Cell: The narrator is in a prison when the story begins, but his mind had become entangled in a mass of confusion and unreality long before he was discovered for his murderous crimes against animals and humans. The wife: His wife could have been a grounding force in his life. The narrator describes her as having “that humanity of feeling.” She could have saved him, or at least escaped with her own life. Instead, she becomes another horrible example of innocence lost. She never leaves him (she’s loyal, faithful, and kind), and she eventually dies, not of natural causes but as the result of a murderous, alcohol-induced rage.

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