美国的创始人希望建立一个联邦政府在其权力范围内有权决定一个人不可剥夺的权利的国家,并且许多人认为这扩展到在创办自己的企业的背景下追求幸福的权利。最初,政府没有干涉企业事务,但工业革命后行业的整合导致市场越来越强大的企业垄断,因此政府介入保护小企业和消费者免受企业贪婪。从那时起,特别是在大萧条和总统富兰克林·罗斯福与企业的“新政”之后,联邦政府颁布了100多项法规来控制经济并防止某些市场的垄断。接近20世纪末,美国政府迅速将经济中的权力整合到一些选定的公司,促使美国政府介入并开始规范自由贸易市场,首先是1890年的“谢尔曼反托拉斯法案”,该法案恢复了竞争,通过打破公司对利基市场的控制来实现自由企业。国会于1906年再次通过法律,规范食品和药品的生产,确保产品在出售前正确贴上标签并进行所有肉类检测。 1913年,美联储成立,旨在规范国家的货币供应,并建立一个监督和控制某些银行活动的中央银行。然而,根据美国国务院的说法,“政府角色的最大变化发生在”新政“期间,富兰克林·罗斯福总统对大萧条的回应。”在这个罗斯福和国会通过了多项新法律,允许政府干预经济,以防止另一场这样的灾难。这些法规规定了工资和工时,为失业和退休工人提供福利,为农民和当地制造商提供补贴,保险银行存款,并建立了大规模的发展权威。在整个20世纪,国会继续制定这些法规,旨在保护工人阶级免受公司利益的侵害。这些政策最终演变为包括保护基于年龄,种族,性别,性或宗教信仰的歧视,以及针对故意误导消费者的虚假广告。到20世纪90年代初,已在美国建立了100多个联邦监管机构,涵盖从贸易到就业机会的各个领域。从理论上讲,这些机构旨在避免党派政治和总统,纯粹是为了通过控制个别市场来保护联邦经济免于崩溃。根据美国国务院的说法,根据法律,这些机构的董事会成员必须“包括两个政党的委员,他们服务固定期限,通常为五至七年;每个机构都有一名工作人员,通常超过1,000人;国会拨款给各机构并监督其运作。

加拿大魁北克经济学Assignment代写:政府和经济

The founders of the United States want to establish a federal government that has the power to determine the inalienable rights of a person within its powers, and many believe that this extends to the right to pursue happiness in the context of starting a business. Initially, the government did not interfere with corporate affairs, but the integration of the industry after the Industrial Revolution led to an increasingly monopolized market, so the government intervened to protect small businesses and consumers from corporate greed. Since then, especially after the Great Depression and President Franklin Roosevelt and the company’s “New Deal,” the federal government has enacted more than 100 regulations to control the economy and prevent monopoly in certain markets. Near the end of the 20th century, the US government quickly integrated the power of the economy into selected companies, prompting the US government to intervene and begin to regulate the free trade market. The first was the 1890 Sherman Antitrust Act, which restored competition. Free enterprise by breaking the company’s control over the niche market. Congress passed the law again in 1906 to regulate the production of food and medicine, ensuring that the product is properly labeled and all meat tested before it is sold. In 1913, the Federal Reserve was established to regulate the country’s money supply and establish a central bank to supervise and control certain banking activities. However, according to the US State Department, “the biggest change in the role of government occurred during the “New Deal,” during President Franklin Roosevelt’s response to the Great Depression.” In Roosevelt and Congress, a number of new laws were passed to allow the government to intervene in the economy. Prevent another such disaster. These regulations stipulate wages and working hours, provide benefits for unemployed and retired workers, provide subsidies for farmers and local manufacturers, secure bank deposits, and establish large-scale development authority. Throughout the twentieth century, Congress continued to enact these regulations to protect the working class from the interests of the company. These policies eventually evolved to include protection against discrimination based on age, race, gender, sex or religious beliefs, as well as false advertisements that deliberately mislead consumers. By the early 1990s, more than 100 federal regulators had been established in the United States, covering everything from trade to employment opportunities. In theory, these institutions aim to avoid partisan politics and the president, purely to protect the federal economy from collapse by controlling individual markets. According to the US State Department, according to the law, the board members of these institutions must “include members of two political parties who serve a fixed term, usually five to seven years; each institution has a staff member, usually more than 1,000 people; Funding to agencies and overseeing their operations.”

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注