社会学家认为，全球化是一个持续的过程，涉及社会经济，文化，社会和政治领域的相互关联的变化。作为一个过程，它涉及国家，地区，社区甚至看似孤立的地方之间不断增加的这些方面的整合。就经济而言，全球化是指资本主义的扩张，将世界各地纳入一个全球一体化的经济体系。在文化上，它指的是思想，价值观，规范，行为和生活方式的全球传播和整合。在政治上，它指的是在全球范围内运作的治理形式的发展，其合作国家的政策和规则应该遵守。全球化的这三个核心方面是由技术发展，通信技术的全球整合以及媒体的全球分布推动的。一些社会学家，如威廉·罗宾逊（William I. Robinson），将全球化视为一个始于资本主义经济创造的过程，早在中世纪就形成了世界遥远地区之间的联系。事实上，罗宾逊认为，由于资本主义经济以增长和扩张为前提，全球化经济是资本主义的必然结果。从资本主义的最早阶段开始，欧洲殖民和帝国的权力，以及后来的美帝国主义，在全世界创造了全球经济，政治，文化和社会联系。但尽管如此，直到二十世纪中叶，世界经济实际上是竞争和合作的国家经济的汇编。贸易是国际而非全球。从二十世纪中叶开始，随着国家贸易，生产和金融法规的解除，全球化进程愈演愈烈，加快了国际经济和政治协议的形成，以实现以“自由”运动为前提的全球经济。金钱和公司。全球治理形式的创造。世界国际经济和政治文化和结构的全球化由富裕的，强大的国家领导，这些国家由殖民主义和帝国主义制造，包括美国，英国和许多西欧国家。从二十世纪中叶开始，这些国家的领导人创造了新的全球治理形式，为新的全球经济中的合作制定了规则。其中包括联合国，世界贸易组织，二十国集团，世界经济论坛和欧佩克等。全球化进程还涉及意识形态的传播和传播 – 价值观，观念，规范，信仰和期望 – 促进，证明并为经济和政治全球化提供合法性。历史表明，这些不是中立的过程，而是来自主导国家的意识形态，它们推动着经济和政治全球化的发展。一般来说，正是这些传播到世界各地，变得正常并被视为理所当然。
Sociologists believe that globalization is an ongoing process involving interrelated changes in the socio-economic, cultural, social, and political spheres. As a process, it involves the integration of these aspects between countries, regions, communities and even seemingly isolated places. In terms of economy, globalization refers to the expansion of capitalism and the integration of the world into a globally integrated economic system. Culturally, it refers to the global spread and integration of ideas, values, norms, behaviors and lifestyles. Politically, it refers to the development of forms of governance that operate on a global scale, and the policies and rules of the cooperating countries should be followed. These three core aspects of globalization are driven by technological developments, the global integration of communications technologies and the global distribution of the media. Some sociologists, such as William I. Robinson, see globalization as a process that began with capitalist economic creation, and as early as the Middle Ages formed a connection between distant parts of the world. In fact, Robinson believes that because the capitalist economy is predicated on growth and expansion, the global economy is the inevitable result of capitalism. From the earliest stages of capitalism, the power of European colonization and empire, and later US imperialism, created global economic, political, cultural, and social connections throughout the world. But despite this, until the middle of the twentieth century, the world economy was actually a compilation of national economies of competition and cooperation. Trade is international rather than global. Beginning in the middle of the twentieth century, with the release of national trade, production and financial regulations, the globalization process has intensified, accelerating the formation of international economic and political agreements to achieve a global economy based on the “freedom” movement. Money and company. The creation of a form of global governance. The globalization of the world’s international economy and political culture and structure is led by wealthy, powerful nations made up of colonialism and imperialism, including the United States, the United Kingdom, and many Western European countries. Beginning in the mid-twentieth century, leaders of these countries have created new forms of global governance that set the rules for cooperation in the new global economy. These include the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G20, the World Economic Forum and OPEC. The process of globalization also involves the dissemination and dissemination of ideology – values, ideas, norms, beliefs and expectations – to promote, justify and provide legitimacy for economic and political globalization. History shows that these are not neutral processes, but rather ideologies that dominate the state, and they drive the development of economic and political globalization. In general, it is these that spread throughout the world that become normal and taken for granted.