Adam Smith was born in Kikaldy, Scotland, in 1723. He went to Oxford when he was 17 and became a professor of logic in Glasgow in 1951. The following year, he served as chairman of moral philosophy. In 1759, he published his theory of moral sentiment. In 1776, he published his masterpiece, Exploring the Nature and Causes of National Wealth. After living in France and London in 1778, Adam Smith returned to Scotland and was appointed Director of Customs in Edinburgh. Adam Smith died in Edinburgh on July 17, 1790. He was buried in a graveyard on the canal. Adam Smith is often described as the “founder of economics”. Many of the theories about market theory that are now considered standard were put forward by Adam Smith. Both books, On Moral Sentiments and Exploring the Nature and Reasons of National Abundance, are very important. In the theory of moral emotion, Adam Smith laid the foundation for the general moral system. It is a very important text in the history of Ideological and political education. It provides the basis of ethics, philosophy, psychology and methodology for Smith’s later works. In The Theory of Moral Emotion, Smith points out that human beings are selfish and self-disciplined. According to Smith, personal freedom is rooted in self-reliance, that is, the ability of individuals to pursue their own interests and control themselves on the basis of the principles of natural law. An Analysis of the Nature and Causes of National Wealth (1776). The Wealth of Nations is a series of five books and is considered as the first modern work in the field of economics. Adam Smith used very detailed examples to try to reveal the essence and causes of a country’s prosperity. Through his exams, he criticized the economic system. Smith’s criticism of mercantilism and his concept of “invisible hand” are most well known. Adam Smith’s arguments are still cited and quoted in today’s debate. Not everyone agrees with Smith. Many people consider Smith an advocate of ruthless individualism. No matter how Smith views it, Exploring the Nature and Causes of National Wealth is considered, and arguably the most important book ever published on the subject. This is undoubtedly the most pioneering text in the field of free market capitalism.