毒丸策略可追溯到长期退役的NBA球星吉尔伯特阿里纳斯。 “篮球队在2005年的集体谈判协议中引入了吉尔伯特·阿里纳斯的条款，作为一种帮助球队保留年轻受限制的自由球员的方式，这些球员并没有从新秀规模合同中解脱出来，”据Hoops Rumors说。 2003年，阿里纳斯是金州勇士队的自由球员。华盛顿奇才队为阿里纳斯提供了约850万美元的起薪。但是，由于金州只能在当时的联赛规则下为阿里纳斯提供约490万美元的第一年薪水，所以勇士队无法匹配报价单并将阿里纳斯输给华盛顿。篮球谣言补充说：“阿里纳斯的规定限制了球队可以提供的第一年薪水，这些球队可以提供仅在联盟中呆过一两年的受限制自由球员。”作为回应，寻求抢夺有才能的球员的球队开始反向装载合同 – 前两年支付较低的工资，此后几年大幅增加。这是“毒丸”条款。 毒丸合同的运作方式。毒丸的目的是让玩家的团队难以匹配其他团队的合同。假设X队希望与Y队签约受限制的自由球员.Y队有权匹配任何合同。如果Y队选择匹配合同报价，X队将构建合同报价以最大化潜在的奢侈税罚款。合同的总价值可能是4000万美元，但前两年的薪酬计划可能分别为500万美元和后两年的1500万美元 – 旨在使原始团队在第三年达到奢侈税门槛。四强。该战略并不总是奏效。根据詹姆斯赫伯特在哥伦比亚广播公司体育节目上写道，布鲁克林篮网在2016年为新星泰勒约翰逊提供了一份为期四年，价值5000万美元的“毒丸”合同。该合同将允许约翰逊在交易的前两年赚取560万美元和580万美元，但2018-19和2019-20两年的工资额为1800万美元和1900万美元。尽管如此，约翰逊的球队，迈阿密热火队，看到了他的很多潜力，与这一提议相匹配，以便能够“推进他们在2014-15赛季作为一名未被选中的自由球员登陆弗雷斯诺州的球员的发展， “在佛罗里达太阳哨兵队中，Ira Winderman说道。”无论像毒药一样棘手的合同演习，约翰逊的案例表明，如果一支球队想要足够严重地保留一名球员，那么就会找到一种方法来筹集资金。
The poison pill strategy can be traced back to long-decommissioned NBA star Gilbert Arenas. “The basketball team introduced the terms of Gilbert Arenas in the collective bargaining agreement in 2005 as a way to help the team retain young restricted free agents who were not freed from the rookie contract. ,” according to Hoops Rumors. In 2003, Arenas was a free agent for the Golden State Warriors. The Washington Wizards provided Arenas with a starting salary of about $8.5 million. However, because Golden State can only provide Arenas with a salary of about $4.9 million for the first year under the then league rules, the Warriors could not match the quotation and lose Arenas to Washington. The basketball rumor added: “Arenas’ rules limit the first year salary the team can offer. These teams can offer restricted free agents who have only spent a year or two in the league.” In response, seek to snatch The talented player’s team began a reverse loading contract – the first two years paid a lower salary, and the following years have increased significantly. This is the “poison pill” clause. How the poison pill contract works. The purpose of the poison pill is to make it difficult for the player’s team to match the contracts of other teams. Suppose the X team wants to sign a restricted free agent with the Y team. The Y team has the right to match any contract. If the Y team chooses to match the contract offer, the X team will build a contract offer to maximize the potential luxury tax penalty. The total value of the contract may be $40 million, but the compensation plan for the first two years may be $5 million and $15 million for the next two years – designed to bring the original team to the luxury tax threshold in the third year. The top four. This strategy does not always work. According to James Herbert’s CBS sports program, the Brooklyn Nets provided a four-year, $50 million “poison pill” contract for Nova Tyler Johnson in 2016. The contract will allow Johnson to earn $5.6 million and $5.8 million in the first two years of the transaction, but $20 million and $19 million in the 2018-19 and 2019-20 years. Still, Johnson’s team, the Miami Heat, saw his many potentials to match this proposal in order to be able to “promote their landing in Fresno as an unselected free agent in the 2014-15 season. State player development, “In the Florida Sun Sentinel, Ira Winderman said. Regardless of the tricky contract exercises like poison, Johnson’s case shows that if a team wants to retain a player seriously enough, then it will find a way to raise money.