虽然共和党在19世纪中叶以财政保守主义为宗旨建立了自己的政党,但发起这场运动的财政保守派与今天的古保守派很相似。当时,共和党的财政保守派非常怀疑这个国家在自己的边界之外做生意。这些早期共和党人采取的政策在很大程度上有利于大企业(出于经济目的)和稳定的、可靠的关税收入。今天的财政保守主义与里根经济学的联系最为密切,里根以里根总统的名字命名。里根总统在1981年就职后,削减了所得税,放松了对经济的管制,并试图控制所有开支以缩小政府规模。然而,军费开支的增长超过了里根引入供应经济学的努力,到1989年,在他的监督下,国家债务实际上增加了。现代财政保守主义者仍然对政府开支保持警惕,而且往往比共和党更倾向于自由主义。他们主张降低联邦预算,偿还国家债务,从海外撤军以削减军事开支。尽管今天的财政保守主义者仍然支持商业,但是他们对于增加开支来刺激经济犹豫不决。他们认为,促进经济健康发展的最佳途径是减税,减少政府浪费,减少无聊的联邦计划。他们认为社会服务应该由慈善家提供资金,并且提倡对那些为慈善机构做出贡献的人减税。对财政保守派有很多批评。其中最值得注意的是自由派政治家,他们认为美国政府的首要责任是利用税收来调节经济并提供社会服务。虽然财政保守主义已经成为华盛顿特区的一个时髦词,但共和党的大部分基础仍然致力于自己的理想。不幸的是,许多自称是财政保守派的人却恰恰相反。财政保守主义与社会或“楔子”问题关系不大,因此,听到社会保守派、古保守派、甚至民主党人把自己也称为财政保守派并不罕见。尽管一些共和党人可能会发现他们亵渎神明,但冷酷的事实是,前总统比尔·克林顿在调整通货膨胀和将军事预算从等式中去除时,花费的钱甚至比罗纳德·里根还要少。然而,克林顿是例外——不是规则。总的来说,大多数民主党人仍然相信用公共资金为结果买单,他们的记录证明了这一点。

新西兰奥克兰大学论文代写:经济保守主义

Although the Republican Party established its own political party in the mid-19th century with fiscal conservatism as its purpose, the fiscal conservatives who launched the campaign are very similar to the ancient conservatives of today. At that time, Republican fiscal conservatives were very suspicious that the country was doing business outside its own borders. These early Republican policies were largely conducive to large businesses (for economic purposes) and stable and reliable tariff revenues. Today’s fiscal conservatism is most closely linked to Reagan’s economics, which is named after President Reagan. When President Reagan took office in 1981, he cut income taxes, deregulated the economy and tried to control all expenditures to reduce the size of the government. However, the increase in military expenditure exceeded Reagan’s efforts to introduce supply economics, and by 1989, under his supervision, national debt had actually increased. Modern fiscal conservatives remain wary of government spending and tend to be more liberal than Republicans. They advocated reducing federal budgets, repaying national debts and withdrawing troops from overseas to cut military spending. Although today’s fiscal conservatives still support business, they are hesitant to increase spending to stimulate the economy. They believe that the best way to promote healthy economic development is to cut taxes, reduce government waste, and reduce boring federal programs. They believe that social services should be funded by philanthropists and advocate tax cuts for those who contribute to charities. There are many criticisms of fiscal conservatives. One of the most noteworthy is liberal politicians, who believe that the primary responsibility of the U.S. government is to use taxes to regulate the economy and provide social services. Although fiscal conservatism has become a buzzword in Washington, D.C., much of the Republican base remains committed to its ideals. Unfortunately, many self-proclaimed fiscal conservatives are on the contrary. Fiscal conservatism has little to do with social or “wedge” issues, so it is not uncommon to hear that social conservatives, ancient conservatives and even Democrats call themselves fiscal conservatives. Although some Republicans may find them blasphemous, the cruel fact is that former President Bill Clinton spent even less than Ronald Reagan on adjusting inflation and removing military budgets from the equation. Clinton, however, is the exception – not the rule. Overall, most Democrats still believe in using public funds to pay for the results, as their records prove.

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注