文化保守主义何时出现在美国政治舞台上并没有确切的日期,但肯定是在1987年之后,这使得一些人相信这场运动是由作家和哲学家艾伦·布卢姆发起的,布卢姆在1987年写了《关闭美国思想》,一部立即的、未发表的作品。全国畅销书。虽然这本书主要是谴责美国自由派大学制度的失败,但它对美国社会运动的批评带有强烈的文化保守色彩。由于这个原因,大多数人都认为它是运动的奠基人。现代文化保守主义常常与社会保守主义相混淆,而社会保守主义更关注将诸如堕胎和传统婚姻等社会问题推到辩论的前沿,它偏离了布卢姆所拥护的简单反自由化的社会。当今的文化保守主义者即使面对巨大的变化,仍然坚持传统的思维方式。他们强烈信仰传统价值观、传统政治,往往具有强烈的民族主义意识。在传统价值观领域,文化保守主义者与社会保守主义者(以及其他类型的保守主义者)最重叠。虽然文化保守派确实倾向于宗教,但这仅仅是因为宗教在美国文化中扮演着如此重要的角色。然而,文化保守主义者可以附属于任何美国亚文化,但是无论他们是基督教文化、盎格鲁-撒克逊新教文化还是非裔美国人文化,他们都倾向于与自己紧密结合。文化保守主义者经常被指责为种族主义,尽管他们的缺点(如果显现的话)可能比种族主义者更排外。与传统的价值观相比,民族主义和传统政治在很大程度上主要关注文化保守派。这两者经常紧密地交织在一起,在“移民改革”和“保护家庭”的支持下出现在全国政治辩论中。文化保守主义者相信“买美国货”,反对在州际标志或AT上引进西班牙语或汉语等外语。M机器。文化保守主义者不一定在所有其他问题上都是保守主义者,这也是批评者最经常攻击运动的地方。因为文化保守主义一开始并不容易定义,所以批评文化保守主义的人倾向于指出并不存在的不一致性。例如,文化保守主义者在同性恋权利问题上基本上是沉默的(就像布鲁姆一样)(他们主要关心的是运动对美国传统的破坏,而不是同性恋生活方式本身),因此批评者指出这与整个保守运动是矛盾的。-这不是,因为保守主义一般具有如此广泛的意义。美国普通思想中的文化保守主义已经逐渐取代了“宗教权利”这个词,即使它们并不是完全相同的东西。事实上,社会保守主义者比文化保守主义者更认同宗教权利。然而,文化保守主义者在国家层面上取得了相当大的成功,特别是在2008年的总统选举中,移民问题成为全国辩论的焦点。文化保守主义者通常和其他类型的保守主义者在政治上进行分组,原因很简单,因为该运动没有严格地解决诸如堕胎、宗教和同性恋权利之类的“楔形”问题。文化保守主义常常成为新保守主义运动的发起者,在他们决定自己站在“楔子”问题上的立场时,他们想自称“保守”。一旦他们能够定义自己的信仰和态度,他们往往会远离文化保守主义,而转向另一个更加集中精力的运动。

加拿大阿尔伯塔大学政治学论文代写:文化保守主义

There is no exact date when cultural conservatism appeared on the American political stage, but it must have been after 1987, which led some people to believe that the movement was initiated by writer and philosopher Alan Bloom, who wrote Close American Thought in 1987, an immediate and unpublished work. National bestseller. Although this book mainly condemns the failure of American liberal university system, its criticism of American social movement has strong cultural conservatism. For this reason, most people think it is the founder of the movement. Modern cultural conservatism is often confused with social conservatism. Social conservatism pays more attention to pushing social issues such as abortion and traditional marriage to the forefront of the debate, which deviates from the simple Anti-liberalization society advocated by Bloom. Today’s cultural conservatives, even in the face of tremendous changes, still adhere to the traditional way of thinking. They strongly believe in traditional values and traditional politics, often with a strong sense of nationalism. In the field of traditional values, cultural conservatives overlap most with social conservatives (and other types of conservatives). Although cultural conservatives do tend to be religious, it is only because religion plays such an important role in American culture. However, cultural conservatives can be affiliated to any American subculture, but whether they are Christian culture, Anglo-Saxon Protestant culture or African-American culture, they tend to be closely integrated with themselves. Cultural conservatives are often accused of racism, although their shortcomings, if manifested, may be more exclusive than racists. Compared with traditional values, nationalism and traditional politics mainly focus on cultural conservatives. The two are often closely intertwined and appear in national political debates with the support of “immigration reform” and “family protection”. Cultural conservatives believe in “Buy American” and oppose the introduction of foreign languages such as Spanish or Chinese on interstate signs or ATs. M machine. Cultural conservatives are not necessarily conservatives on all other issues, which is where critics most often attack movements. Because cultural conservatism is not easy to define at first, critics of cultural conservatism tend to point out that there is no inconsistency. For example, cultural conservatives are largely silent on homosexual rights (like Bloom). (Their main concern is the destruction of American tradition by the movement, not the homosexual lifestyle itself), so critics point out that this is inconsistent with the whole conservative movement. – This is not because conservatism generally has such a broad meaning. Cultural conservatism in American common thought has gradually replaced the term “religious rights”, even though they are not exactly the same thing. In fact, social conservatives identify more with religious rights than cultural conservatives. However, cultural conservatives have achieved considerable success at the national level, especially in the 2008 presidential election, where immigration has become the focus of national debate. Cultural conservatives are usually grouped politically with other types of conservatives for the simple reason that the movement does not strictly address “wedge” issues such as abortion, religion and gay rights. Cultural conservatism is often the initiator of the neoconservative movement. When they decide to stand on the “wedge” issue, they want to call themselves “conservative”. Once they can define their beliefs and attitudes, they tend to move away from cultural conservatism and towards another more focused movement.

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