文化 – 历史方法(有时称为文化 – 历史方法或文化 – 历史方法或理论)是进行人类学和考古学研究的一种方式,这种方法在1910年至1960年间在西方学者中普遍存在。文化 – 历史的基本前提方法是,考古学或人类学的主要原因是为没有书面记录的群体建立过去重大事件和文化变化的时间表。文化 – 历史方法是在历史学家和人类学家的理论基础上发展起来的,在某种程度上帮助考古学家组织和理解了19世纪和20世纪初由古物学家收集的大量考古资料。另外,事实上,随着电力计算的可用性和考古化学(DNA,稳定同位素,植物残留物)等科学进步,这种情况并未发生变化,考古数据的数量如雨后春笋般涌现。今天它的庞大和复杂性仍然推动了考古学理论的发展,以解决它。在20世纪50年代重新定义考古学的着作中,美国考古学家Phillip Phillips和Gordon R. Willey(1953)为我们提供了一个很好的比喻,让我们能够理解20世纪上半叶考古学中错误的思维方式。他们说,文化历史考古学家认为,过去就像一个巨大的拼图游戏,如果你收集了足够的碎片并将它们装在一起,那么就会有一个已经存在但未知的宇宙可以看出来。不幸的是,几十年来,我们已经向我们展示了考古宇宙绝不是那么整洁。

加拿大谢布鲁克Literature review代写:考古学理论

Culture – Historical methods (sometimes called culture – historical methods or culture – historical methods or theories) are a way of conducting anthropological and archaeological studies that were common among Western scholars between 1910 and 1960. Culture – The basic premise of history is that the main reason for archaeology or anthropology is to establish a timetable for past major events and cultural changes for groups without written records. Culture – The historical method was developed on the basis of the theories of historians and anthropologists, and to some extent helped archaeologists organize and understand the vast amount of archaeological data collected by archeologists in the 19th and early 20th centuries. In addition, in fact, with the availability of electricity calculations and scientific advances in archaeological chemistry (DNA, stable isotopes, plant residues), this situation has not changed, and the number of archaeological data has sprung up. Today its vastness and complexity continue to advance the development of archaeological theory to solve it. In the redefined archaeological work of the 1950s, American archaeologists Phillip Phillips and Gordon R. Willey (1953) provided us with a good metaphor for us to understand the archaeology of the first half of the 20th century. Wrong way of thinking. They say that cultural history archaeologists believe that the past is like a huge jigsaw puzzle. If you collect enough pieces and put them together, then there will be an existing but unknown universe to see. Unfortunately, for decades, we have shown us that the archaeological universe is not so neat.

 

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