在19世纪末,人们对现在被认为是“超扩散”的狂热断言,所有古代的创新思想(农业,冶金,建筑纪念性建筑)都出现在埃及并向外传播,一种理论彻底揭穿了20世纪初。 Kulturkreis从不认为所有事情都来自埃及,但研究人员确实认为,有限数量的中心负责推动社会进化进步的思想起源。这也被证明是错误的。采用文化历史方法考古学的核心考古学家是Franz Boas和Vere Gordon Childe。博阿斯认为,通过使用诸如神器组合,定居模式和艺术风格之类的东西的详细比较,你可以了解一个文化前社会的文化历史。比较这些东西将使考古学家能够识别出相似之处和不同之处,并开发当时主要和次要地区的文化历史。 Childe将比较方法应用于其最终极限,模拟了东亚农业和金属加工发明的过程以及它们在整个近东和最终欧洲的扩散过程。他令人震惊的广泛研究使后来的学者超越了文化的历史方法,这是Childe没有看到的一步。

加拿大曼尼托巴大学Dissertation代写:金属加工发明

At the end of the 19th century, people were arguing that it was now “super-diffusion”. All ancient innovative ideas (agriculture, metallurgy, architectural monuments) appeared in Egypt and spread out. A theory completely exposed the 20th century. early. Kulturkreis never thought that everything came from Egypt, but the researchers did believe that a limited number of centers were responsible for driving the origins of social evolutionary progress. This also proved to be wrong. The core archaeologists who use cultural and historical methods of archaeology are Franz Boas and Vere Gordon Childe. Boas believes that by using a detailed comparison of things like artifacts, settlement patterns and artistic styles, you can understand the cultural history of a pre-cultural society. Comparing these things will enable archaeologists to identify similarities and differences and develop cultural history of major and minor regions at the time. Childe applied the comparative method to its final limits, simulating the processes of East Asian agricultural and metal processing inventions and their diffusion processes throughout the Near East and ultimately Europe. His shocking and extensive research has led later scholars to transcend cultural historical methods, a step that Childe did not see.

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