黑人力量运动始于20世纪60年代,并持续到20世纪80年代。虽然该运动有多种策略,从非暴力到主动防御,其目的是将黑人权力的意识形态发展变为现实。活动家们主要关注两个主要原则:黑人自治和自决。该运动始于美国,但其口号的简单性和普遍性使其能够在全球范围内应用,从索马里到英国。黑人力量运动的基石是黑豹自卫队。黑豹党于1966年10月由Huey Newton和Bobby Seale创立,是一个革命的社会主义组织。黑豹以其10点平台,免费早餐计划(后来政府为WIC的发展而被采用)以及他们坚持建立黑人保卫自己的能力而闻名。该党受到FBI监视计划COINTELPro的严重攻击,导致许多黑人活动分子死亡或被监禁。虽然黑豹党以黑人作为运动的首领开始,并且在整个存在期间继续与苦艾酒斗争,但党内的妇女在一些问题上发挥了影响力并发出了自己的声音。黑人力量运动中值得注意的活动家包括伊莱恩布朗(黑豹党的第一任主席),安吉拉戴维斯(美国共产党领袖)和阿萨塔沙库尔(黑人解放军成员)。这三名妇女都是美国政府的激进主义者。虽然黑人权力运动在20世纪70年代后期出现下滑,但由于对参与者的不懈迫害(如弗雷迪汉普顿),它对美国黑人艺术和文化产生了持久的影响。

澳大利亚国立大学Essay代写:激进主义者

The Black Power Movement began in the 1960s and lasted until the 1980s. Although the campaign has a variety of strategies, from non-violence to active defense, its purpose is to turn the ideology of black power into reality. Activists focus on two main principles: black autonomy and self-determination. The campaign began in the United States, but the simplicity and ubiquity of its slogan allowed it to be applied globally, from Somalia to the United Kingdom. The cornerstone of the black power movement is the Panthers Self-Defense Force. Founded in October 1966 by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale, the Panther Party is a revolutionary socialist organization. The Panthers are known for their 10-point platform, free breakfast plan (later adopted by the government for the development of WIC) and their insistence on building blacks to defend themselves. The party was severely attacked by the FBI surveillance program COINTELPro, causing many black activists to die or be imprisoned. Although the Panther Party began with blacks as the leader of the movement and continued to struggle with absinthe during the entire period of existence, women in the party exerted influence and made their voices on some issues. Notable activists in the Black Power movement include Elaine Brown (the first chairman of the Panthers), Angela Davis (the leader of the American Communist Party) and Assat Shakur (member of the Black People’s Liberation Army). These three women are radical activists of the US government. Although the black power movement declined in the late 1970s, it had a lasting impact on African American art and culture due to the persecution of participants (such as Freddy Hampton).

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注