禁运有几种不同的形式。贸易禁运禁止出口特定商品或服务。战略禁运仅禁止销售与军事有关的商品或服务。为了保护人类,动物和植物,颁布了卫生禁令。例如,世界贸易组织(WTO)规定的卫生贸易限制禁止进口和出口濒危动植物。一些贸易禁运允许交换某些商品,例如食品和药品,以满足人道主义需求。此外,大多数跨国禁运都包含允许根据一组有限的限制进行某些出口或进口的条款。从历史上看,大多数禁运最终都会失败。虽然所施加的限制可能会成功地改变民主政府的政策,但受极权主义控制的国家的公民缺乏影响其政府的政治权力。此外,极权主义政府通常不太关心贸易制裁如何伤害其公民。例如,美国对古巴的贸易禁运和经济制裁已实施50多年,但很大程度上未能改变卡斯特罗政权的镇压政策。

加拿大蒙特利尔商科Essay代写:古巴的贸易

The embargo has several different forms. The trade embargo prohibits the export of certain goods or services. The strategic embargo only prohibits the sale of military-related goods or services. In order to protect humans, animals and plants, a health ban has been issued. For example, health trade restrictions imposed by the World Trade Organization (WTO) prohibit the import and export of endangered animals and plants. Some trade embargoes allow the exchange of certain commodities, such as food and medicine, to meet humanitarian needs. In addition, most transnational embargoes contain provisions that allow certain exports or imports to be made based on a limited set of restrictions. Historically, most embargoes will eventually fail. While the restrictions imposed may successfully change the policies of democratic governments, citizens of countries under totalitarianism lack political power to influence their governments. In addition, totalitarian governments often do not care much about how trade sanctions hurt their citizens. For example, the United States’ trade embargo and economic sanctions against Cuba have been in place for more than 50 years, but have largely failed to change the repressive policies of the Castro regime.

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