在中性版本中,参与者只被告知他们继承了资金,他们需要从一系列投资选择中进行选择。在这个版本中,所有选择都同样有效;事物保持原样的偏好不是一个因素,因为没有先前的经验可以借鉴。在现状版本中,参与者被告知他们继承了资金,而且资金已经以特定方式进行投资。然后向他们提供了一系列投资选择。其中一个选项保留了投资组合的当前投资策略(从而占据了现状)。清单上的所有其他选项都代表了现状的替代方案。 Samuelson和Zeckhauser发现,当呈现场景的现状版本时,参与者倾向于选择现状而不是其他选项。这种强烈偏好贯穿于许多不同的假设情景中。此外,向参与者呈现的选择越多,他们对现状的偏好就越大。

加拿大温莎Assignment代写:假设情景

In the neutral version, participants were only told that they inherited the funds and they needed to choose from a range of investment options. In this version, all choices are equally valid; keeping the original preferences is not a factor, as there is no previous experience to draw on. In the current version, participants were told that they had inherited funds and that the funds had been invested in a specific way. Then they were offered a series of investment options. One of the options preserves the current investment strategy of the portfolio (and thus occupies the status quo). All other options on the list represent an alternative to the status quo. Samuelson and Zeckhauser found that when presenting the current version of the scene, participants tend to choose the status quo rather than other options. This strong preference runs through many different scenarios. In addition, the more choices are presented to participants, the greater their preference for the status quo.

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