人们在日常生活中扮演着不同的角色,并根据自己所在的位置和一天中的不同时间表现出不同的行为的想法是一种熟悉的想法。大多数人在有意识或无意识中的行为与专业自我或私人或亲密自我的行为有所不同。根据戈夫曼的说法,当人们知道别人在注视时,他们就处于“前期”行为。前阶段的行为反映了内部化的规范和对行为的期望,这些行为和期望部分地由环境,人在其中扮演的特定角色以及人的外表所决定。人们如何参与前排演出可能是故意的和有目的的,也可能是习惯性的或潜意识的。无论哪种方式,前期行为通常都遵循由文化规范塑造的常规化和学习型社会脚本。排队等候,登上公交车,出示公交通行证以及在周末与同事交换欢乐时光都是高度常规化和脚本化的前排演出的例子。

加拿大Operational Management论文代写:内部化的规范

The idea that people play different roles in daily life and show different behaviors depending on where they are and at different times of the day is a familiar idea. Most people behave differently consciously or unconsciously than professional self or private or intimate self. According to Goffman, when people know that others are watching, they are in “early” behavior. The behaviors of the previous stage reflect internalized norms and expectations of behaviors, which are determined in part by the environment, the specific role that people play in them, and the appearance of people. How people participate in front-line performances may be intentional and purposeful, or they may be habitual or subconscious. Either way, the early behavior usually follows routine and learning-based social scripts shaped by cultural norms. Waiting in line, boarding a bus, presenting a transit permit, and exchanging happy hours with colleagues over the weekend are all examples of highly routine and scripted front-row performances.

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