一般而言,有四种不同的原型依恋样式可以解释我们对关系的态度和信念:安全。拥有安全依恋风格的人可以放心地信任他人。他们认为自己值得爱和支持,并相信如果需要帮助,其他人也会支持他们。

焦虑(也称为专心或焦虑矛盾)。焦虑的人想依靠别人,但担心别人不会以他们想要的方式来支持他们。根据心理学家金·巴塞洛缪(Kim Bartholomew)和伦纳德·霍洛维茨(Leonard Horowitz)的说法,焦虑的个体通常对他人具有积极的评价,但往往会怀疑自己的自我价值,这使他们寻求他人的支持,但也担心自己对他人的感受是否会得到回报。

回避剂(也称为消除回避剂)。回避型个体往往会限制他们之间的亲密关系,让他们感到不自在地依赖他人。根据巴塞洛缪(Bartholomew)和霍洛维茨(Horowitz)的说法,回避者通常对自己有积极的看法,但他们认为不能依靠别人。因此,回避者倾向于保持独立,并经常试图避免任何形式的依赖。

可怕的回避者。具有令人恐惧的回避依恋风格的个体具有焦虑和回避个体的特征。巴塞洛缪(Bartholomew)和霍洛维茨(Horowitz)写道,他们倾向于对自己和他人都持消极看法,感到自己不值得支持,并期望别人不会支持他们。结果,尽管他们希望建立亲密的关系,但他们仍然难以依靠他人。

加拿大心理学Essay代写:焦虑

In general, there are four different archetypal attachment styles that explain our attitudes and beliefs about relationships: security. People with a secure attachment style can trust others with confidence. They think they deserve love and support, and believe that if they need help, others will support them.

Anxiety (also known as concentration or anxiety paradox). Anxious people want to depend on others, but worry that others won’t support them the way they want. According to psychologists Kim Bartholomew and Leonard Horowitz, anxious individuals usually have a positive evaluation of others, but often doubt their own self-worth. Make them seek the support of others, but also worry about whether their feelings for others will be rewarded.

Avoidant (also known as Eliminator). Avoidant individuals often limit their intimacy and make them feel uncomfortable relying on others. According to Bartholomew and Horowitz, avoidants usually have a positive view of themselves, but they don’t think they can rely on others. As a result, avoiders tend to remain independent and often try to avoid any form of dependency.

Terrible evasion. Individuals with a fearful avoidance attachment style have the characteristics of anxiety and avoidance. Bartholomew and Horowitz write that they tend to take a negative view of themselves and others, feel that they are not worthy of support, and expect that others will not support them. As a result, despite their desire to build intimate relationships, they still have difficulty relying on others.

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