安德森维尔国家历史遗址最着名的地标是萨姆特营，最大的联邦军军事监狱。 1864年2月25日至1865年4月内战结束时，超过45,000名联盟军士兵被关押，近13,000人在监狱中死亡。在南北战争初期，北方和南方同意交换囚犯或假释囚犯谁答应放下武器回家。但是从1864年开始，对被俘的非洲裔美国联盟士兵的待遇产生了分歧，其中包括逃脱的奴隶和被解放的男子。 1864年10月，南方邦联将军Robert E. Lee写道“属于我们公民的黑人不被视为交换对象”，联盟将军尤利西斯·S·格兰特回答说，“政府必须确保所有被接纳到她军队的人权利到期的士兵。“结果，囚犯交换结束，双方维持军事监狱。大约100名黑人士兵在安德森维尔被关押，其中33人在那里死亡。
The most famous landmark of the Andersonville National Historic Site is the Samt Camp, the largest federal military prison. At the end of the civil war from February 25, 1864 to April 1865, more than 45,000 Alliance Army soldiers were detained and nearly 13,000 people died in prison. In the early days of the Civil War, the North and the South agreed to exchange prisoners or parole prisoners who promised to lay down their weapons and go home. But since 1864, there have been differences in the treatment of captured African American Union soldiers, including escaped slaves and liberated men. In October 1864, the Confederate general Robert E. Lee wrote that “blacks belonging to our citizens are not considered to be exchanged,” Union General Ulysses S. Grant replied, “The government must ensure that all are accepted into her. The soldiers of the military have expired soldiers. “As a result, the prisoners exchanged and the two sides maintained military prisons. About 100 black soldiers were detained in Andersonville, 33 of whom died there.