你知道你的祖母是你的红色卷发，还有你父亲那突出的鼻子。然而，这些并不是你从家里继承的唯一东西。许多医疗条件，包括心脏病，乳腺癌，前列腺癌，糖尿病，酒精中毒和阿尔茨海默病也被证明可以通过家庭传播。家庭病史或医疗家谱是关于您的亲属的重要医疗信息的记录，包括疾病和疾病，以及您的家庭成员之间的关系。家庭病史可以用与传统家谱相似的方式记录，只使用系谱格式的标准医学符号 – 男性方块和女性圈子。家庭健康或病史是通过与您的直系亲属（父母，祖父母和兄弟姐妹）交谈开始的，因为它们提供了与遗传风险最重要的联系。一些研究表明，超过40％的人口患癌症，糖尿病或心脏病等常见疾病的遗传风险增加。了解您患上这些疾病的风险是了解您家族病史的重要原因。通过了解您的风险，您可以做出有关预防和筛查的明智决策，甚至参与旨在理解，预防和治愈疾病的基于遗传的研究。例如，如果您的父亲在45岁时患有结肠癌，您应该在较早的年龄筛查结肠癌，而不是50岁，即首次进行结肠癌筛查的平均年龄。您可以使用标准密钥，也可以创建自己的密钥来指定符号的含义。有关更多信息，示例，表格和问卷的信息，请参阅记录您的家庭病历的工具。如果您发现表单太复杂，只需收集信息即可。您的医生仍然可以使用您找到的内容。在将其提交给您的医生或家庭以外的任何人之前，请从您的工作中删除任何个人姓名。他们不需要知道名字，只知道个人之间的关系，你永远不知道你的医学树最终会在哪里！如果您的父母已去世或亲属不合作，可能需要一些真正的侦探工作来了解您家庭的医疗过去。如果您无法访问医疗记录，请尝试死亡证明，ob告和旧家庭信件。即使是旧的家庭照片也可以为肥胖，皮肤病和骨质疏松症等疾病提供视觉线索。如果您被收养或无法了解有关您家人健康史的更多信息，请务必遵循标准筛查建议并定期看医生进行身体检查。请记住，格式和问题不一定非常完美。您收集的信息越多，无论您最简单的格式，您对医疗遗产的了解就越多。你学到的东西可以拯救你的生命！
You know you got your curly red hair from your grandmother, and your prominent nose from your dad. These aren’t the only things you may have inherited from your family, however. Many medical conditions, including heart disease, breast cancer, prostate cancer, diabetes, alcoholism and Alzheimer’s disease have also been shown to be passed down through families. A family medical history or medical family tree is a record of important medical information about your relatives, including illnesses and diseases, along with the relationships among the members of your family. Family medical history can be recorded in a similar manner to the traditional family tree, just using standard medical symbols in a pedigree format – squares for men and circles for women. A family health or medical history is begun by talking with your immediate family members — parents, grandparents and siblings — as they provide the most important links to genetic risk. Some studies say that over 40 percent of the population is at increased genetic risk for a common disease such as cancer, diabetes or heart disease. Understanding your risk for developing such diseases is an important reason to learn more about your family history. By knowing your risk, you can make informed decisions about prevention and screening, and even participate in genetic-based research aimed at understanding, preventing and curing disease. For example, if your father had colon cancer at age 45, you should probably be screened at an earlier age for colon cancer than age 50, the average age for first-time colon cancer screening. You can either use a standard key, or create your own which specifies what your symbols mean. See Tools for Recording Your Family Medical History for more information, examples, forms and questionnaires. If you find the forms too complicated, just collect the information. Your doctor will still be able to use what you find. Remove any personal names from your work before giving it to your doctor or anyone outside the family. They don’t need to know the names, only the relationships among individuals, and you never know where your medical tree might end up! If your parents are deceased or relatives are uncooperative, it may take some real detective work to learn more about your family’s medical past. If you can’t get access to medical records, try death certificates, obituaries and old family letters. Even old family photos can provide visual clues to diseases such as obesity, skin conditions and osteoporosis. If you’re adopted or otherwise can’t learn more about your family’s health history, be sure to follow standard screening recommendations and see your doctor for a physical on a regular basis. Keep in mind that the format and questions don’t have to be perfect. The more information you gather, in whatever format is easiest for you, the more informed you’ll be about your medical heritage. What you learn could literally save your life!