加拿大多伦多大学Essay代写:殖民主义

在该领域的早期历史(19世纪末/ 20世纪初),人类学家几乎都是欧洲人或美国人,他们认为他们认为是“原始”社会的研究是他们认为被西方影响“触及”的。 由于这种心态,该领域长期以来一直受到批评,因为它对非西方人的殖民主义,居高临下的态度及其对其文化的不准确表现; 例如,早期的人类学家经常写到非洲文化是静态的,不变的,这表明非洲人永远不会是现代的,他们的文化不会像西方文化那样经历变化。 在20世纪后期,像詹姆斯克利福德和乔治马库斯这样的人类学家解决了这些虚假陈述,这表明民族志学者更加意识到并预见到他们与研究对象之间不平等的权力关系。 加拿大多伦多大学Essay代写:殖民主义 In the early history of the field (early 19th/early 20th century), anthropologists were almost all Europeans or Americans who believed that what they considered to be "primitive" society was that they believed to be "touched" by Western influences. Because of this mentality, the field has long been criticized because of its condescending attitude towards non-Western colonialism and its inaccurate expression of its culture; for example, early anthropologists often wrote that African culture is static The same, this shows that Africans will never be modern, and their culture will not experience changes like Western culture. In the late 20th century, anthropologists such as James Clifford and George Marcus solved these false statements, suggesting that ethnographers are more aware of and anticipate the unequal power relations between them and the subjects they study....
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加拿大多伦多大学Essay代写:微生境

物种划分资源的一种方式是生活在栖息地的不同区域而不是竞争对手。一个常见的例子是加勒比群岛的蜥蜴分布。蜥蜴主要吃相同类型的食物昆虫。然而,他们可以在更大的栖息地环境中生活在不同的微生境中。例如,一些蜥蜴可以生活在森林地面上,而其他蜥蜴可能生活在树木栖息地的更高处。这种基于物理位置的资源区分和划分允许不同物种彼此更有效地共存。此外,物种可以根据食物分配更有效地共存。例如,在狐猴的种类中,食物可以通过食物的化学特性来区分。基于植物化学的食物分配可以发挥重要作用。这允许不同的物种共存,同时吃同样但化学上不同的食物。类似地,物种可能对同一食物的不同部分具有亲和力。例如,一个物种可能比另一个物种更喜欢植物的不同部分,从而允许它们有效地共存。有些物种可能更喜欢植物的叶子而有些物种更喜欢植物的茎。物种还可以根据其他特征(如不同的活动模式)对食物进行分类。一个物种可能在一天中的某个时间消耗大部分食物,而另一个物种可能在晚上更活跃。 加拿大多伦多大学Essay代写:微生境 One way in which species divide resources is to live in different parts of the habitat rather than competitors. A common example is the distribution of lizards in the Caribbean Islands. Lizards mainly eat the same type of food insects. However, they can live in different microhabitats in a larger habitat environment. For example, some lizards can live on forest grounds, while other lizards may live higher in tree habitats. This physical location based resource differentiation and partitioning allows different species to coexist more effectively with each other. In addition, species can coexist more efficiently according to food distribution. For example, in the lemur species, food can be distinguished by the chemical properties of the food. Food distribution based on phytochemistry can play an important role. This allows different species to coexist while eating the same but chemically different foods. Similarly, species may have affinity for different parts of the same food. For example, one species may prefer different parts...
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