赫尔曼梅尔维尔的“莫比迪克”是有史以来最着名和最有威胁的小说之一。仍然经常在学校读书，“Moby-Dick”是一本极化小说，原因很多：它庞大的词汇量，通常至少需要几次去你的字典;它对19世纪捕鲸生活，技术和行话的痴迷;梅尔维尔使用的各种文学技巧;及其主题复杂性。许多人阅读（或试图阅读）小说只会得出结论，认为它被高估了，很长时间以来，大多数人都认为 – 远未取得立竿见影的成功，小说一经发表就失败了，并且几十年前，梅尔维尔的小说被接受为美国文学的经典之作。然而，即使是没有读过这本书的人都熟悉它的基本情节，主要标志和特定的线条 – 几乎每个人都知道着名的开幕词“叫我以实玛利”。白鲸的象征和上尉的感觉亚哈作为一个痴迷的权威人物，为了报复而愿意牺牲一切 – 包括他无权牺牲的东西 – 已成为流行文化的一个普遍方面，几乎独立于实际的小说。当然，这本书恐吓的另一个原因是角色扮演，其中包括Pequod的数十名船员，其中许多人在情节和象征意义上扮演角色。梅尔维尔实际上是在他的青年时期从事捕鲸船的工作，他在Pequod上的生活描述和在Ahab下工作的男人都具有复杂的真相。这里是你在这部令人难以置信的小说中遇到的角色的指南，以及它们对故事的意义。
“Moby-Dick” by Herman Melville is one of the most famous and most intimidating novels ever written. Still frequently assigned reading in school, “Moby-Dick” is a polarizing novel for many reasons: Its huge vocabulary, usually requiring at least a few trips to your dictionary; its obsession with 19th century whaling life, technology, and jargon; the variety of literary techniques used by Melville; and its thematic complexity. Many people have read (or attempted to read) the novel only to conclude that it’s overrated, and for a long time most people agreed — far from an immediate success, the novel failed upon publication and it was decades before Melville’s novel was accepted as a classic of American literature. And yet, even people who have not read the book are familiar with its basic plot, major symbols, and specific lines — just about everyone knows the famous opening line “Call me Ishmael.” The symbol of the white whale and the sense of Captain Ahab as an obsessed authority figure willing to sacrifice everything — including things he has no right to sacrifice — in the pursuit of revenge has become a universal aspect of pop culture, almost independent from the actual novel. Another reason the book intimidates, of course, is the cast of characters, which includes the dozens of crew members of the Pequod, many of whom have a role in the plot and symbolic significance.Melville actually worked on whaling ships in his youth, and his depictions of life on board the Pequod and the men who worked under Ahab have the ring of complex truth. Here is a guide to the characters you’ll meet in this incredible novel and their significance to the story.