多年后，Mischel及其同事跟进了一些原始的棉花糖测试参与者。 他们发现了令人惊讶的事情 那些在棉花糖测试期间能够延迟满足的人，因为幼儿的认知能力和应对青春期压力和挫折感的能力显着提高。 他们也获得了更高的SAT成绩。 这些结果使许多人得出结论认为，通过棉花糖测试和延迟满足的能力是成功未来的关键。 然而，Mischel和他的同事对他们的发现总是更加谨慎。 他们认为，如果研究更多的参与者，棉花糖测试中延迟满足与未来学业成功之间的联系可能会减弱。 他们还观察到，儿童的家庭环境等因素对未来的成就可能比他们的研究所显示的更具影响力。
Years later, Mischel and colleagues followed up on some of the original cotton candy test participants. They found surprising things for those who were able to delay satisfaction during the test of cotton candy, because the cognitive abilities of young children and their ability to cope with adolescent stress and frustration increased significantly. They also scored higher SAT scores. These results led many to conclude that the ability to pass marshmallow testing and delay satisfaction is key to a successful future. However, Mischel and his colleagues are always more cautious about their findings. They believe that if more participants are studied, the link between delayed satisfaction and future academic success in the marshmallow test may be diminished. They also observed that factors such as the child’s family environment may be more influential in the future than their research shows.