您的最终目标将决定您获得STCW认证的最佳途径。如果您不确定您想要的确切工作是否可以，因为以下大多数步骤适用于寻求此基本安全培训的每个人。如果您有目标雇主和工作，那么获得工作描述以及最低和首选要求应该非常容易。 STCW认证在国际上得到认可，与最初的IMO公约相差甚远。并非每个操作都有书面的要求描述，有些可能只是采用来自第三方或政府机构的标准化描述。两个主要的例外是雇主特定的课程，例如那些想要将他们的技能转移到民间认证的游轮和后军事人员。即使您属于这些类别之一，遵循这些步骤也是有利的。几乎所有这些船员职位都至少需要STCW认证。为了降低保险成本并确保船舶和乘客的安全，在船上工作的每个人都必须通过STCW认证。如果你在这次冒险中独自一人，那么需要做更多工作才能找到你需要做的事情。我们将在私人船只上使用船员的常见例子。休闲划船是进入该行业商业方面的共同切入点。每年为船员提供许多职位，一些在异国情调的目的地可以是令人满意的旅行方式，并仍然产生收入。如果您无法确定工作所需的确切资格，请查找一些等效的船只并比较最低资格。学校也可以提供一些建议。 STCW的技能是非常基础，但会影响水手在职业生涯中接受的一些最重要的训练。环顾四周，了解您购买的产品类型，阅读评论，与潜在雇主交谈;如果您正在接受经济援助，您可能需要旅行但可以包括在费用中。这很容易，因为这些天只有一个选项。过去，只有经验才能获得STCW认证。今天恰恰相反，所有的培训都在课堂上进行，偶尔也会在现场进行。如果您不熟悉船只，您可能希望寻找一个实践课程，并提供一些时间在水上。实践课程更昂贵，但如果您没有重要的实践经验，那将是值得的。对于一些雇主来说，具有现实条件的课程可能会取代一些海上时间。任何这些课程的费用都很高，在美国这样的地方，由于额外的安全措施，获得某些认证的成本甚至更高。经济援助可用于海事教育，大多数学校使潜在学生尽可能轻松地完成这一过程。得到你能做的任何工作都可以给你一些可以记录下来的水。也许您的地区只有短暂的旅游季节，当地的工作岗位每年只有几个小时。花几个小时，让您的雇主记录下来，并将它们包含在您的简历或简历中。这是最重要的一步。有许多STCW课程的毕业生没有工作经验，并想知道为什么他们不能在地中海找到这份工作。很简单，那些工作将由经过测试的STCW毕业生进行。
Your ultimate goal will determine the best path to your STCW certification. If you’re not sure about the exact job you want that’s okay because most of the following steps apply to everyone seeking this basic safety training. If you have a target employer and job it should be very easy to get a job description plus minimal and preferred requirements. STCW certification is recognized internationally and varies little from the original IMO convention. Not every operation will have a written description of requirements and some may simply adopt a standardized description from a third party or government agency. The two main exceptions are employer specific courses like those designed for cruise ships and post-military personnel who want to transfer their skills to civilian certifications. Even if you fall into one of these categories there are advantages to following these steps. Almost all of these crew positions require STCW certification at a minimum. In order to reduce insurance costs and assure the safety of the vessel and passengers everyone working aboard must be STCW certified. If you are on your own in this adventure then it will take a bit more work to find out what you need to do. We’ll use a common example of crew on a private vessel. Recreational Boating is a common entry point into the commercial side of the industry. Many positions for crew are offered each year and some in exotic destinations can be a satisfying way to travel and still generate income. If you cannot determine what the exact qualifications are needed for the job look for some equivalent vessels and compare minimum qualifications. Schools can offer some advice too. The skills of STCW are the very basics but compromise some of the most important training a sailor will receive in their career. Look around, know what sort of product you are shopping for, read reviews, talk to potential employers; you may need to travel but that can be included in expenses if you are receiving financial aid. This is easy since there is only one option these days. In the past, an STCW certification could be gained on experience alone. Today the opposite is true, all of the training takes place in the classroom and occasionally demonstrated in the field. If you are new to boats you may want to look for a course that is hands-on and offers some time on the water. Hands-on courses are more expensive but worth it if you don’t have significant practical experience. For some employers, a course with real-world conditions may take the place of some sea hours. The cost of any of these courses is significant and in places like the United States, the cost to obtain some certifications is even higher due to extra security measures. Financial aid can be used for maritime education and most schools make that process as easy as possible for potential students. Get any job you can that gives you some time on the water that can be documented. Maybe your area only has a short tourist season and local jobs produce few hours every year. Take those few hours, have your employer document them, and include them on your resume or CV. This is the most important step of all. There are many graduates of STCW programs that have no job experience and wonder why they can’t get that job in the Mediterranean. Simple, those jobs go to tested STCW graduates.