新西兰奥克兰大学论文代写:经济保守主义

虽然共和党在19世纪中叶以财政保守主义为宗旨建立了自己的政党,但发起这场运动的财政保守派与今天的古保守派很相似。当时,共和党的财政保守派非常怀疑这个国家在自己的边界之外做生意。这些早期共和党人采取的政策在很大程度上有利于大企业(出于经济目的)和稳定的、可靠的关税收入。今天的财政保守主义与里根经济学的联系最为密切,里根以里根总统的名字命名。里根总统在1981年就职后,削减了所得税,放松了对经济的管制,并试图控制所有开支以缩小政府规模。然而,军费开支的增长超过了里根引入供应经济学的努力,到1989年,在他的监督下,国家债务实际上增加了。现代财政保守主义者仍然对政府开支保持警惕,而且往往比共和党更倾向于自由主义。他们主张降低联邦预算,偿还国家债务,从海外撤军以削减军事开支。尽管今天的财政保守主义者仍然支持商业,但是他们对于增加开支来刺激经济犹豫不决。他们认为,促进经济健康发展的最佳途径是减税,减少政府浪费,减少无聊的联邦计划。他们认为社会服务应该由慈善家提供资金,并且提倡对那些为慈善机构做出贡献的人减税。对财政保守派有很多批评。其中最值得注意的是自由派政治家,他们认为美国政府的首要责任是利用税收来调节经济并提供社会服务。虽然财政保守主义已经成为华盛顿特区的一个时髦词,但共和党的大部分基础仍然致力于自己的理想。不幸的是,许多自称是财政保守派的人却恰恰相反。财政保守主义与社会或“楔子”问题关系不大,因此,听到社会保守派、古保守派、甚至民主党人把自己也称为财政保守派并不罕见。尽管一些共和党人可能会发现他们亵渎神明,但冷酷的事实是,前总统比尔·克林顿在调整通货膨胀和将军事预算从等式中去除时,花费的钱甚至比罗纳德·里根还要少。然而,克林顿是例外——不是规则。总的来说,大多数民主党人仍然相信用公共资金为结果买单,他们的记录证明了这一点。 新西兰奥克兰大学论文代写:经济保守主义 Although the Republican Party established its own political party in the mid-19th century with fiscal conservatism as its purpose, the fiscal conservatives who launched the campaign are very similar to the ancient conservatives of today. At that time, Republican fiscal conservatives were very suspicious that the country was doing business outside its own borders. These early Republican policies were largely conducive to large businesses (for economic purposes) and stable and reliable tariff revenues. Today's fiscal conservatism is most closely linked to Reagan's economics, which is named after President Reagan. When President Reagan took office in 1981, he cut income taxes, deregulated the economy and tried to control all expenditures to reduce the size of the government. However, the increase in military expenditure exceeded Reagan's efforts to introduce supply economics, and by 1989, under his supervision, national debt had actually increased. Modern fiscal conservatives remain wary of government spending and tend to be more liberal than Republicans. They advocated reducing federal...
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新西兰奥克兰大学论文代写:人体器官

人体器官,就像人类的心脏一样,在时间的历史中已经发生了变化和演化。人类的大脑也不例外。根据查尔斯达尔文关于自然选择的观点,拥有能够复杂功能的大脑的物种似乎是一种有利的适应。接受和理解新情况的能力对于智人的生存证明是非常宝贵的。一些科学家认为,随着地球环境的进化,人类也会这样做。在这些环境变化中存活的能力直接归因于大脑的大小和功能来处理信息并对其采取行动。在Ardipithecus群人类祖先统治期间,大脑的大小和功能与黑猩猩的大小和功能非常相似。由于当时的人类祖先(大约600万到200万年前)比人类更像猿类,所以大脑仍需要像灵长类动物一样运作。即使这些祖先至少部分时间都倾向于直立行走,但他们仍然会爬树并生活在树林中,这需要与现代人类不同的技能和适应性。在人类进化的这个阶段,较小的大脑足以生存。在这个时期结束时,人类的祖先开始弄清楚如何制作非常原始的工具。这使他们开始捕猎更大的动物并增加蛋白质摄入量。这一关键步骤对于大脑进化是必要的,因为现代人类大脑需要恒定的能量来源以保持其运转速度。这个时期的物种开始移动到地球的不同地方。当他们搬家时,他们遇到了新的环境和气候。为了处理和适应这些气候,他们的大脑开始变大并执行更复杂的任务。现在第一个人类祖先已经开始扩散,每个物种都有更多的食物和空间。这导致个体的体型和脑尺寸增加。这个时期的人类祖先,如南方古猿集团和Paranthropus集团,在制作工具方面变得更加精通,并获得了火力以帮助保暖和烹饪食物。大脑和大脑功能的增加需要为这些物种提供更多样化的饮食,并且随着这些进步,这是可能的。 新西兰奥克兰大学论文代写:人体器官 Human organs, like the human heart, have changed and evolved in the history of time. The human brain is no exception. According to Charles Darwin's view of natural selection, the possession of a brain with complex functions seems to be a favorable adaptation. The ability to accept and understand new situations is invaluable to the survival of a Homo sapiens. Some scientists believe that as the Earth's environment evolves, humans will do the same. The ability to survive these environmental changes is directly attributable to the size and function of the brain to process information and act on it. During the ancestral rule of the Ardipithecus group, the size and function of the brain are very similar to the size and function of chimpanzees. Since the human ancestors of the time (about 6 million to 2 million years ago) were more like apes than humans, the brain still needed to behave like primates. Even though these ancestors tend to walk...
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