虽然爱国主义和民族主义这两个词曾经被认为是同义词，但它们具有不同的内涵。虽然两者都是人们对国家的爱的感受，但这些感受所依据的价值观却大不相同。爱国主义的感受是基于国家所拥有的积极价值观 – 如自由，正义和平等。爱国者认为，政府制度和国家人民本身就是善良的，共同努力提高生活质量。相比之下，民族主义的感觉是基于一个国家优于其他国家的信念。它还带有对其他国家不信任或不赞同的含义，导致其他国家成为竞争对手的假设。虽然爱国者不会自动诋毁其他国家，但民族主义者确实会这样做，有时甚至要求他们的国家在全球占据主导地位。民族主义通过其保护主义信仰，与全球主义截然相反。从历史上看，民族主义的影响既是积极的，也是消极的。虽然它驱动了独立运动，如创造现代以色列的犹太复国主义运动，但它也是德国纳粹党和大屠杀崛起的关键因素。
Although the terms patriotism and nationalism were once considered synonymous, they have different connotations. Although both are people’s feelings about the country’s love, the values on which these feelings are based are quite different. The feeling of patriotism is based on positive values that the state has – such as freedom, justice and equality. The Patriots believe that the government system and the people of the country themselves are kind and work together to improve the quality of life. In contrast, the feeling of nationalism is based on the belief that one country is superior to other countries. It also carries the assumption that other countries do not trust or disagree, leading to the assumption that other countries become competitors. Although the patriots do not automatically vilify other countries, nationalists do do so, sometimes even requiring their country to dominate the world. Nationalism, through its protectionist beliefs, is in stark contrast to globalism. Historically, the influence of nationalism is both positive and negative. Although it has driven independent movements, such as the creation of modern Israel’s Zionist movement, it is also a key factor in the rise of the German Nazis and the Holocaust.